Was Moses’ monotheism from a Pharaoh?
According to Wikipedia there is some controversy about when Moses crossed the desert from Egypt for 40 years in the biblical exodus or indeed if he did.
Certainly it seems no archeological evidence has ever been found! And the Israeli department of archeology has spent considerable funds and efforts to find evidence.
This is a quote from Wikipedia:
According to Prof. Ze’ev Herzog, Director of the Institute of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University “This is what archaeologists have learned from their excavations in the Land of Israel: the Israelites were never in Egypt, did not wander in the desert, did not conquer the land in a military campaign and did not pass it on to the 12 tribes of Israel…. The many Egyptian documents that we have make no mention of the Israelites’ presence in Egypt and are also silent about the events of the exodus.
Freud was an avowed atheist and offered a theory that Moses was a disciple of the Pharoah Akhenaten who introduced sun worship and monotheism for a short reign in Egypt. Roughly 1354 BC-1335 BC. Soon after his death his philosophy (religion?) was abolished. These dates can certainly coincide with the life of the biblical Moses.
Wikipedia says academics discount Freud’s hypothesis as pseudoscience.
But recently (2,000) some obscure evidence has been found of emissaries of Akhenaten having come to the UK. Perhaps they failed where Moses succeeded. But this evidence comes after the academics dismissed Freud’s ideas.
That the Egyptians ventured far from their shores is interesting, maybe the ancients were more cosmopolitan than we think.
In Freud’s historical psychoanalysis
There is also a psychoanalytical interpretation of Moses’ life, put forward by Sigmund Freud in his last book, Moses and Monotheism, in 1937. Freud postulated that Moses was an Egyptian nobleman who adhered to the monotheism of Akhenaten http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses
EGYPTIANS IN BRITAIN
Word comes of a new book set to cause immense controversy in archaeological circles. Penned by Egyptologist Lorraine Evans, KINGDOM OF THE ARK describes how a group of Egyptians reached Bronze Age Britain by boat around 1330-1300 BC. Moreover, those involved are thought to have been followers of the Pharaoh Akhenaten, who arrived in the company of his daughter, the princess Merytaten. She was the royal wife of Smenkhkare, the relatively unknown Amarna king, who succeeded Akhenaten to the throne after his death around 1350 BC. Lorraine Evans believes that the followers of Akhenaten’s monotheistic Aten faith were escaping the religious persecutions of Horemheb, the pharaoh who succeeded the kings Tutankhamun and Aye following the death of Smenkhkare.
As absurd as this proposal might seem, Lorraine Evans has collected together considerable evidence to back up her theories. She outlines the controversy surrounding the discovery in September 1937 of three intact sailing vessels at North Ferriby in Yorkshire. Archaeologists who examined them at the time were convinced that they were of Viking origin. Due to the war effort, and the fact that the museum where the boats were housed got bombed out, the matter went unresolved. Then in the 1950s it was realised that some of the vessels’ timbers had been transported to the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich before the bomb struck. Samples were thus sent to the British Museum for analysis. The results stunned everyone, for the wood provided Carbon-14 dates in the region of 1350-1300 BC (later confirmed using re-calibration processes). Moreover, in the 1980s Dr Sean McGrail of the Institute of Archaeology, Oxford University, noted the similarity between the Ferriby boat remains and the design and construction of high-prowled, seagoing vessels built by the ancient Egyptians. Indeed, he compared them directly to the planked boats found at Giza. Add to this the discovery of faience beads from Akhenaten’s city at Tell el-Amarna found in Late Bronze Age barrows near Stonehenge and a necklace of similar faience beads found during 1955 in a Bronze Age burial in Tara, County Meath, Ireland, and the likelihood of Egyptians visiting Britain becomes more realistic.